Orthopedic Anesthesia

Orthopedic anesthesia is a subspecialty of anesthesia that deals with the bones or skeletal system. Anesthesiologists are trained specifically to handle the complex nature of orthopedic surgery and a variety of techniques to customize care specific to the needs of orthopedic surgery patients. These techniques include, but are not limited to:

  • Special positioning to avoid intraoperative nerve injury
  • Hypotensive anesthesia, the act of inducing arterial hypotension (or an abnormally low blood pressure) to minimize blood loss
  • Isovolemic hemodilution, a mechanism to minimize blood loss
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