Members of the Care Team

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  • Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Support - A maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) specialist is available to coordinate in the management of women who became pregnant through assisted reproductive technology, including In vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI). An MFM specialist is able […]
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  • Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE) - A CDE is a certified health professional, usually a nutritionist or dietitian, with advanced training in the prevention and management of diabetes. CDEs provide guidance and education to help patients self-manage diabetes and improve their […]
  • Certified Nurse Midwife - A midwife is registered nurse with a master’s degree who has received additional training in women’s reproductive health and childbirth. A certified nurse midwife has passed additional testing and is certified by the American Midwifery […]
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  • Diabetes Management in Pregnancy - Women diagnosed with diabetes before or during pregnancy have difficulties producing the appropriate amount of insulin to process glucose, or sugar, in their bodies. Improper management of diabetes during pregnancy can lead to serious health […]
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  • Genetic Counselor - A genetic counselor has specialized training in genetics and medical counseling, providing pregnant women with additional support by identifying genetic risk, discussing family history, explaining available testing options and implications of test results, as well […]
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  • High Risk Obstetric Care and Consults - High risk obstetric care and consults is an extra level of care available to women at risk of experiencing problems during or after their pregnancy. A variety of risk factors can make a pregnancy high-risk, […]
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  • Maternal-Fetal Medicine Specialist - Maternal-fetal medicine is a subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology. Maternal-fetal medicine specialists, sometimes called perinatologists or high-risk obstetricians, are considered “subspecialists”. They earned this designation by undergoing training in a specific area of medicine – […]
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  • OB Hospitalist - An OB hospitalist is an obstetrician who has earned an undergraduate degree and completed four years each of medical school and residency training in the medical specialty of obstetrics and gynecology. OB hospitalists specialize in […]
  • OB/GYN - An OB/GYN, or obstetrician-gynecologist, is a physician who has earned an undergraduate degree and completed four years each of medical school and residency training in the medical specialty of obstetrics and gynecology, specializing in women’s […]
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  • Registered Nurse - A registered nurse is a nurse who has completed a nursing program and has satisfied local licensing requirements.
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  • Sonographer / Ultrasound Technician - A sonographer or ultrasound technician is a health care professional, certified by the American Registry for Medical Sonography, with advanced training in the use of ultrasound devices to obtain images, scans or videos for diagnostic […]
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  • Women’s Health Nurse Practitioner - A women’s health nurse practitioner is a registered nurse with a master’s degree who has received advanced training in women’s health and reproductive and gynecological care.

Services Provided

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  • Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Support - A maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) specialist is available to coordinate in the management of women who became pregnant through assisted reproductive technology, including In vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI). An MFM specialist is able […]
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  • Diabetes Management in Pregnancy - Women diagnosed with diabetes before or during pregnancy have difficulties producing the appropriate amount of insulin to process glucose, or sugar, in their bodies. Improper management of diabetes during pregnancy can lead to serious health […]
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  • Genetic Counseling - Genetic counseling is support provided by a genetic professional to the patient and the doctor by identifying genetic risk, discussing family history, explaining available testing options and implications of test results, as well as providing […]
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  • High Risk Obstetric Care and Consults - High risk obstetric care and consults is an extra level of care available to women at risk of experiencing problems during or after their pregnancy. A variety of risk factors can make a pregnancy high-risk, […]
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  • Inpatient Consultation and Care - Maternal-fetal medicine specialists are available to provide additional monitoring and comprehensive care to women with high-risk pregnancies who are hospitalized prior to delivery.
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  • Management of Advanced Maternal Age - Women who become pregnant after age 35 are more likely to have preexisting health problems and are therefore more at risk of experiencing complications such as high blood pressure and diabetes during pregnancy. There is […]
  • Management of Complex/Advanced Medical Conditions - Women with complex or advanced medical conditions who become pregnant are considered high-risk and may need to be seen more frequently for close monitoring by a maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) specialist, a physician specially trained to […]
  • Management of Multiple Gestations (twins or more) - Pregnant women carrying multiple (twins, triplets, quadruplets, etc.) are at an increased risk of experiencing complications such as preterm delivery, low birth weight and preeclampsia. A maternal-fetal medicine specialist specializes in the care of women […]
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  • Pre-Conception Counseling - Pre-conception counseling is an evaluation of a woman’s current health and medical history to help identify opportunities to better prepare the body for becoming pregnant. The evaluation may include a review of the patient’s current […]

Testing Options

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  • Amniocentesis - Amniocentesis is a diagnostic test to screen for chromosome abnormalities and inherited disorders. A sample of amniotic fluid is collected through an ultrasound guided needle inserted into the amniotic sac. The amniotic fluid is sent […]
  • Antenatal (Prenatal) Testing (Screening) - Antenatal testing, or prenatal diagnostic screening, refers to a variety of testing options available to determine if a fetus has certain abnormalities. Many of the tests are conducted by an obstetrician (OB) as routine prenatal […]
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  • Chorionic Villus Sampling - Chronic villus sampling, or CVS, is a diagnostic test to screen for chromosome abnormalities and inherited disorders by analyzing the chorionic villi cells from the placenta. The placenta cells are collected either transcervically, using an […]
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  • Fetal Echocardiogram - Fetal echocardiogram is a non-invasive exam using ultrasound technology to generate pictures of a baby’s heart. A maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) specialist or pediatric cardiologist will review the images to identify any congenital fetal heart anomalies.
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  • Obstetric Ultrasound (Doppler and 3D) - An obstetric ultrasound, often called a sonogram, is a diagnostic procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to generate images of the fetus. A Doppler ultrasound is able to measure slight changes in sound wave frequency […]

Who needs to see a maternal-fetal medicine specialist?

A pregnant woman may be referred to an MFM specialist for a wide variety of reasons, including:

  • Prenatal testing to evaluate fetal growth and development
  • A medical condition, such as high blood pressure or diabetes (pre-existing or acquired during pregnancy), that requires close monitoring and care
  • Complications related to early delivery and/or multiple fetuses 
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