Members of the Care Team
Who needs to see a pediatric ophthalmologist?
An infant or child may be referred to a pediatric ophthalmologist for reasons including:
- Failed vision screening in school or at the pediatrician’s office
- To receive prescriptions for eyeglasses or contact lenses
- Evaluation and treatment of possible misalignment of the eyes (strabismus), amblyopia, tear duct obstruction, congenital cataracts, or droopy eyelids (ptosis)
- Diagnosis, treatment and ongoing monitoring of eye problems caused by medication, infection or systemic diseases such as diabetes or juvenile arthritis
- Family history of eye problems
- Evaluation and treatment of eye injuries
- Difficulty reading or learning
Early diagnosis and treatment of many conditions is key to your child developing and maintaining optimal vision.
What can I expect at the first visit?
At the first visit, the pediatric ophthalmologist will conduct a comprehensive evaluation including a medical history and complete eye examination. As part of the evaluation, the pediatric ophthalmologist will:
- Assess vision
- Perform a dilated eye exam to determine the presence of nearsightedness, farsightedness and/or astigmatism (refraction) and provide an eyeglass prescription if necessary
- Check for eye alignment and ocular motility disturbances and determine the need for treatment such as corrective lenses or eye muscle surgery
- Evaluate for eye disease associated with certain systemic conditions as well as for cataracts and glaucoma
The medical history, physical exam and interpretation of test results will give the pediatric ophthalmologist the information needed to make a diagnosis and recommend an appropriate treatment plan.