Members of the Care Team
- - A pediatric ophthalmologist is a physician who completed four years of medical school, one year of medical internship, three years of ophthalmology residency and one additional year of specialized fellowship training in pediatric ophthalmology. This training gives pediatric ophthalmologists the skills needed to evaluate children of all ages and provide appropriate treatment for pediatric eye problems. A board certified, fellowship trained pediatric ophthalmologist has successfully passed the American Board of Ophthalmology examination and has special competencies in pediatric ophthalmology.
Who needs to see a pediatric ophthalmologist?
An infant or child may be referred to a pediatric ophthalmologist for reasons including:
- Failed vision screening in school or at the pediatrician’s office
- To receive prescriptions for eyeglasses or contact lenses
- Evaluation and treatment of possible misalignment of the eyes (strabismus), amblyopia, tear duct obstruction, congenital cataracts, or droopy eyelids (ptosis)
- Diagnosis, treatment and ongoing monitoring of eye problems caused by medication, infection or systemic diseases such as diabetes or juvenile arthritis
- Family history of eye problems
- Evaluation and treatment of eye injuries
- Difficulty reading or learning
Early diagnosis and treatment of many conditions is key to your child developing and maintaining optimal vision.
What can I expect at the first visit?
At the first visit, the pediatric ophthalmologist will conduct a comprehensive evaluation including a medical history and complete eye examination. As part of the evaluation, the pediatric ophthalmologist will:
- Assess vision
- Perform a dilated eye exam to determine the presence of nearsightedness, farsightedness and/or astigmatism (refraction) and provide an eyeglass prescription if necessary
- Check for eye alignment and ocular motility disturbances and determine the need for treatment such as corrective lenses or eye muscle surgery
- Evaluate for eye disease associated with certain systemic conditions as well as for cataracts and glaucoma
The medical history, physical exam and interpretation of test results will give the pediatric ophthalmologist the information needed to make a diagnosis and recommend an appropriate treatment plan.